Christian Pilgrim


33. Gehenna

"Gehenna" (Greek) is equivalent to "The Lake of Fire" or "The Second Death."

This is the final destination of all men and angels after the Judgment Day.

There are 12 references in the Authorised Version of the Bible, all in the New Testament (as it is a Greek word), and all translated "hell." This is the final destination for men whose souls have been reunited to their bodies and for angels, after Judgment Day.

Matthew 5:22 - Whoever says "Thou fool" shall be in danger of "hell fire."

Matthew 5:29,30 - note "cast" into "hell." "Gehenna" is a place where people are physically cast (after judgment), i.e. the "Lake of Fire."

Matthew 10:28 - God destroys both body and soul in "Gehenna," i.e. the place for reunited souls and bodies.

Matthew 18:9 - Cast into "hell fire."

Matthew 23:15 - Pharisees make people a "child of hell."

Matthew 23:33 - "How can ye escape the damnation of hell?"

Mark 9:43,45,47 - Where the fire is never quenched.

Luke 12:5 - After God hath killed, He hath power to cast into "hell."

James 3:6 - The tongue is "set on fire of hell." Note the reference to burning.

Note that all except the last reference are the words of Christ.

Note also that an emphasis on fire and on casting indicates that "Gehenna" is a final destination.

c.f. Matthew 13:40-42 - "As therefore the tares are gathered and burned in the fire; so shall it be in the end of this world. The Son of man shall send forth his angels, and they shall gather out of his kingdom all things that offend, and them which do iniquity; and shall cast them into a furnace of fire: there shall be wailing and gnashing of teeth."

It is also called "The Second Death":
Revelation 2:11; 20:6,14; 21:8.

It is eternal:
Psalm 83:17 - "Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish"
Note that the word "perish" just means perish from existence in this world. It does not mean complete annihilation, but rather confounding and trouble for ever.