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Christian Pilgrim

 

145. Names of Months in the Bible



First Month: Abib:

Exodus 13:4 – “This day came ye out in the month Abib."

Exodus 23:15 – “Thou shalt keep the feast of unleavened bread: (thou shalt eat unleavened bread seven days, as I commanded thee, in the time appointed of the month Abib; for in it thou camest out from Egypt: and none shall appear before me empty:)"

Exodus 34:18 – “The feast of unleavened bread shalt thou keep. Seven days thou shalt eat unleavened bread, as I commanded thee, in the time of the month Abib: for in the month Abib thou camest out from Egypt."

Deuteronomy 16:1 – “Observe the month of Abib, and keep the passover unto the LORD thy God: for in the month of Abib the LORD thy God brought thee forth out of Egypt by night."

Also called Nisan:

Nehemiah 2:1 – “And it came to pass in the month Nisan, in the twentieth year of Artaxerxes the king, that wine was before him: and I took up the wine, and gave it unto the king. Now I had not been beforetime sad in his presence."

Esther 3:7 – “In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar."


Second Month: Zif:

1 Kings 6:1 – “And it came to pass in the four hundred and eightieth year after the children of Israel were come out of the land of Egypt, in the fourth year of Solomon’s reign over Israel, in the month Zif, which is the second month, that he began to build the house of the LORD."

1 Kings 6:37 – “In the fourth year was the foundation of the house of the LORD laid, in the month Zif:"

cf. 2 Chronicles 3:2 – “And he began to build in the second day of the second month, in the fourth year of his reign."


Third Month: Sivan:

Esther 8:9 – “Then were the king’s scribes called at that time in the third month, that is, the month Sivan, on the three and twentieth day thereof; and it was written according to all that Mordecai commanded unto the Jews, and to the lieutenants, and the deputies and rulers of the provinces which are from India unto Ethiopia, an hundred twenty and seven provinces, unto every province according to the writing thereof, and unto every people after their language, and to the Jews according to their writing, and according to their language."


Fourth Month: No Biblical references


Fifth Month: No Biblical references


Sixth Month: [“Elul” – The month “Elul” is mentioned without reference to which month of the year it is. We know it was 52 days after Nehemiah started the building of the wall, but we do not know when that was. Tradition only says it is the sixth month.]:

Nehemiah 6:15 – "So the wall was finished in the twenty and fifth day of the month Elul, in fifty and two days."


Seventh Month: Ethanim:

1 Kings 8:2 – “And all the men of Israel assembled themselves unto king Solomon at the feast in the month Ethanim, which is the seventh month."


Eighth Month: Bul:

1 Kings 6:38 – “And in the eleventh year, in the month Bul, which is the eighth month, was the house finished throughout all the parts thereof, and according to all the fashion of it. So was he seven years in building it."


Ninth Month: Chisleu:

Nehemiah 1:1 – “The words of Nehemiah the son of Hachaliah. And it came to pass in the month Chisleu, in the twentieth year, as I was in Shushan the palace,"

Zechariah 7:1 – “And it came to pass in the fourth year of king Darius, that the word of the LORD came unto Zechariah in the fourth day of the ninth month, even in Chisleu;"


Tenth Month: Tebeth:

Esther 2:16 – “Esther was taken unto king Ahasuerus into his house royal in the tenth month, which is the month Tebeth, in the seventh year of his reign."


Eleventh Month: Sebat:

Zechariah 1:7 – “Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah, the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,"


Twelfth Month: Adar:

Ezra 6:15 – “And this house was finished on the third day of the month Adar, which was in the sixth year of the reign of Darius the king."

Esther 3:7 – “In the first month, that is, the month Nisan, in the twelfth year of king Ahasuerus, they cast Pur, that is, the lot, before Haman from day to day, and from month to month, to the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar."

Esther 3:13 – " And the letters were sent by posts into all the king’s provinces, to destroy, to kill, and to cause to perish, all Jews, both young and old, little children and women, in one day, even upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar, and to take the spoil of them for a prey."

Esther 8:12 – “Upon one day in all the provinces of king Ahasuerus, namely, upon the thirteenth day of the twelfth month, which is the month Adar."

Esther 9:1 – "Now in the twelfth month, that is, the month Adar, on the thirteenth day of the same, when the king’s commandment and his decree drew near to be put in execution, in the day that the enemies of the Jews hoped to have power over them, (though it was turned to the contrary, that the Jews had rule over them that hated them;)"

Esther 9:15 – "For the Jews that were in Shushan gathered themselves together on the fourteenth day also of the month Adar, and slew three hundred men at Shushan; but on the prey they laid not their hand."

Esther 9:17 – "On the thirteenth day of the month Adar; and on the fourteenth day of the same rested they, and made it a day of feasting and gladness."

Esther 9:19 – "Therefore the Jews of the villages, that dwelt in the unwalled towns, made the fourteenth day of the month Adar a day of gladness and feasting, and a good day, and of sending portions one to another."

Esther 9:21 – "To stablish this among them, that they should keep the fourteenth day of the month Adar, and the fifteenth day of the same, yearly,"


Note no thirteenth month is mentioned. Traditionally this occurs every few years, to bring the lunar and solar cycles back together again, but there is no mention of it in the Bible.