Christian Pilgrim


157. Leviathan

"Leviathan" in the Bible is a great sea monster of unknown origin. The word occurs six times in the Old Testament.

Job 3:8 - "Let them curse it that curse the day, who are ready to raise up their mourning."

Here, the word "Leviathan" is translated "their mourning."

Job 41:1 - "Canst thou draw out leviathan with an hook? or his tongue with a cord which thou lettest down?"

The whole of Job 41 is a description of this "Leviathan." The most important point are the last two verses:

Job 41:33,34 - "Upon earth there is not his like, who is made without fear. He beholdeth all high things: he is a king over all the children of pride."

This great sea monster is clearly shown to be a supernatural being, who is king over all the children of pride, i.e. all unbelievers.

Psalm 74:14 - "Thou brakest the heads of leviathan in pieces, and gavest him to be meat to the people inhabiting the wilderness."

God will break the heads of Leviathan. Note the plural, cf. Revelation 13:1 - the beast from the sea has seven heads, upon his heads the name of blasphemy.

Psalm 104:26 - "There go the ships: there is that leviathan, whom thou hast made to play therein."

In the Bible, the sea is always a type of the nations, the people, rising and falling like the sea.

Isaiah 27:1 - "In that day the LORD with his sore and great and strong sword shall punish leviathan the piercing serpent, even leviathan that crooked serpent; and he shall slay the dragon that is in the sea."

Here, Leviathan is described as "the dragon that is in the sea," a clear reference to the beast from the sea in Revelation 13.